Non-Kinetic Capabilities for Irregular Warfare:
DOD PDF on policies to influence the thinking of populations abroad that have been utilized in the USA.
Indirect communications with the population can be done through mass media—television, radio, newspapers, other printed media, and Internet. One issue is the degree of penetration of the various forms of communication into significant elements of the society. Printed news media may reach the elite, but not the general population. Internet is effective only in areas where significant segments of the population have access to computers or Internet cafes. Understanding which groups are reached by the media enables tailoring of the message for the targeted population.
Success using communications to influence the population depends on learning which channels of communication to use and how to use them.
Tracking (non-cooperative and cooperative) has been of interest for military applications for a long time. The track individuals and groups capability calls for developing tracking systems and methods that can be shared with non-military partners. Potential directions for investment in science and technology would build on military advances in this area and help create analogous capabilities for civilian-military partnerships. A system such as Blue Force Tracker that provides cooperative vehicle location reporting is needed. A non-obtrusive tag, track, and locate capability for marking critical vehicles, people, equipment, and supplies is needed—such a capability may be provided by radio frequency identification (RFID) tags that can be detected and queried by distributed sensors or remote sensing technologies. The ability to associate a geographic location with a mobile communications link on a network infrastructure may provide useful “tagged communications” systems—many cellular devices like phones include GPS capabilities already.
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